Suzhou Embroidery1

- May 09, 2018-

Suzhou is located in the south of the Yangtze River. It is located in Taihu. It has a mild climate and is rich in silk. Therefore, women have the traditional habit of embroidery. During the long history of development, Suzhou embroidery has formed a local style with beautiful pattern, harmonious color, bright lines, lively needlework and fine embroidery, which is known as "Oriental Pearl".

Suzhou embroidery has a long history. In 1956, 4 pieces of embroidery in the Song Dynasty excavated by Huqiu tower in Suzhou were used in various needlework embroidery patterns, such as flat robbing, needle laying, stitching, and hair needles. It can be seen that in the early Northern Song Dynasty more than 1000 years ago, Suzhou embroidery was not only rich in stitches, but also widely used. After the Song Dynasty, with the prosperity of the south of the Yangtze River, painting and embroidery influenced each other, making the embroidery skills rival. According to the record, there was a "embroidered lane" in Suzhou at that time, which concentrated a lot of Shannen's workshop for embroidery thread. It can be dyed to eighty or ninety kinds of color lines, plus each color to distinguish a variety of deep and shallow levels, the total amount of 700 kinds, it is really full of all colors.

In the early Qing Dynasty, Suzhou embroidery in Jiangsu had always followed the name of Gu embroidery, but in fact it was not all family owned system. After Xianfeng and tongzhi (1851~1892), with the need of the palace and the noblemen's embroidered costumes, the market bought a large number of custom embroidered embroidery, and the market imitates more and more. At this time, some famous embroidery artists were sprung up in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, such as Jin Star Moon (Zhejiang Yin county), Wang Ai (Jiangsu high post), Lu Yuansu (full of people, south of the Jiangnan), Zhao Huiqun (Jiangsu Kunshan) and so on.

At that time, Suzhou embroidery had 18 kinds of needles including needle and needle. The the Imperial Palace museum is now storing thousands of flower cushion, cushion, chair cover, curtain and so on, many of which are Suzhou embroidery products. In 1959, the book "embroidered patterns of the Qing Dynasty in the the Imperial Palace Museum" was published.